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Large Study Finds Women Have Better Verbal Abilities Throughout Life

People have been saying this for years, but now a big study confirmed it: women and girls are better than men and boys at verbal fluency and remembering words. The difference may be small, but it is consistently there over the lifetime.

In other words, women have better verbal abilities. By the way, girls generally start talking earlier and with more complex speech than boys.

From Medical Xpress: Are women really better at finding and remembering words than men? Large study settles score

Textbooks and popular science books claim with certainty that women are better at finding words and remembering words, but is this really a fact?

"Women are better. The female advantage is consistent across time and life span, but it is also relatively small," says Marco Hirnstein, professor at The University of Bergen, Norway.

Textbooks and popular science books take it for granted that women are better at finding words. For example, when naming words that begin with the letter "F," or words that belong to a certain category like animals or fruits. It has also been considered "fact" that women are better at remembering words.

"Most intellectual skills show no or negligible differences in average performance between men and women. However, women excel in some tasks, while men excel in others on average."

This might sound like stating the obvious, but Hirnstein and his colleagues point out how their findings can be useful in diagnosis and in health care.

The results are relevant in at least two ways. First, they help to clarify whether the female advantage is real. Second, knowing about this sex/gender difference is important for interpreting the results of diagnostic assessments, in which those abilities are frequently tested.

For example, to determine whether somebody has dementia. Knowing that women are generally better in those tasks is critical to prevent that women are under-diagnosed, due to their better average, baseline performance. And for men: That they are over-diagnosed, due to their lower average baseline performance.

Currently, many but not all assessments take sex/gender into account.

Hirnstein and his colleagues conducted a so-called "meta-analysis," where they analyzed the combined data of all Ph.D. theses, master theses, and studies published in scientific journals they could find. This meta-analysis encompassed more than 500 measures from more than 350,000 participants.

The researchers found that women are indeed better. The advantage is small but consistent across the last 50 years and across an individual's lifespan.

Moreover, they found that the female advantage depends on the sex/gender of the leading scientist: Female scientists report a larger female advantage, male scientists report a smaller female advantage.

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