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So many people I know complain of carpal tunnel syndrome, especially those who spend hours every day at a computer keyboard. Carpal tunnel syndrome is a hand and arm condition of numbness, pain, tingling, etc. caused by a pinched nerve in your wrist (pressure or compression of the median nerve). Treatments vary from physical therapy to steroids to surgery, with surgery being the recommended option by many doctors. So what is best?

A study with women randomly assigned to manual (physical) therapy or surgery suggests that from months one to 3 physical therapy was better and more effective, especially in pain relief. At the 6 months and one year follow-up, both groups were similar in outcome - in improvements in pain, symptoms, and functioning of the hands. What was nice in this study was that all assessments, baseline and follow-ups, were done by a blinded assessor - that is, a person who did not know what treatment was used on the patient.  Bottom line: a major intervention (surgery) may be unnecessary. From Medical Xpress:

PT beats surgery for quick relief of carpal tunnel pain

For women with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), physical manual therapies are similarly effective to surgery in the medium and long term, and may be more effective in the short term, according to a study published in the November issue of The Journal of Pain.

César Fernández-de-las Peñas, P.T., Ph.D., from the Universidad Rey Juan Carlos in Madrid, and colleagues compared the effectiveness of surgery versus physical therapy consisting of manual therapies, including desensitization maneuvers, in CTS. The interventions were either three sessions of manual therapy (physical therapy group; 60 patients) or decompression/release of the carpal tunnel (surgical group; 60 patients).

The researchers found that 55 women in the physical therapy group and 56 in the surgery group completed follow-up at 12 months. In adjusted analyses there was an advantage for the physical therapy group at one and three months in mean pain, the worst pain, and function. At six and 12 months, the changes in pain and function were similar between the groups. At all follow-ups the two groups had similar improvements in the symptoms severity subscale of the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire.

"This study found that surgery and physical manual therapies, including desensitization maneuvers of the central nervous system, were similarly effective at medium-term and long-term follow-ups for improving pain and function, but that physical therapy led to better outcomes in the short term," the authors write.