Obesity rates in the US are high! Obesity rates in the US were 35% among men and 40.4% in women in 2013-2014, and extreme obesity (class 3) rates were 5.5% for men and 9.9% for women. Obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) 30 or greater (≥30), and extreme obesity or class 3 obesity is a body mass index of 40 or greater (BMI ≥40).
A second study analyzed data from 186 countries and found that global obesity numbers have shot up from 105 million people in 1975 to 641 million in 2014. The senior author Dr. Majid Ezzati of the study said: "Over the past 40 years, we have changed from a world in which underweight prevalence was more than double that of obesity, to one in which more people are obese than underweight."
From Science Daily: Prevalence of obesity in U.S. increases among women, but not men
The prevalence of obesity in 2013- 2014 was 35 percent among men and 40 percent among women, and between 2005 and 2014, there was an increase in prevalence among women, but not men, according to a study appearing in the June 7 issue of JAMA. Between 1980 and 2000, the prevalence of obesity increased significantly among adult men and women in the United States...The analysis included data from 2,638 adult men (average age, 47 years) and 2,817 women (average age, 48 years) from the most recent 2 years (2013-2014) of NHANES and data from 21,013 participants in previous NHANES surveys from 2005 through 2012.
For the years 2013-2014, the overall age-adjusted prevalence of obesity (body mass index [BMI] 30 or greater) was 38 percent; among men, it was 35 percent; and among women, it was 40 percent. The corresponding prevalence of class 3 (BMI 40 or greater) obesity overall was 7.7 percent; among men, it was 5.5 percent; and among women, it was 9.9 percent.
The authors write that although there has been considerable speculation about the causes of the increases in obesity prevalence, data are lacking to show the causes of these trends, and there are few data to indicate reasons that these trends might accelerate, stop, or slow. "Other studies are needed to determine the reasons for these trends."
From Medscape: Obesity Now More Common Than Underweight Worldwide
Global obesity numbers have shot up from 105 million people in 1975 to 641 million in 2014, according to the most comprehensive body mass index (BMI) trend analysis to date. Researchers estimate that the age-corrected proportion of men who were obese climbed from 3.2% to 10.8% in that time and the rate among women more than doubled, going from 6.4% to 14.9%. During the same 40-year period, the proportion of men who were underweight globally fell from 13.8% to 8.8% and among women it declined from 14.6% to 9.7%.
Underweight numbers were highest in South Asia in 2014 at 23.4% (95% CI, 17.8%–29.2%) in men and 24% (95% CI, 18.9%–29.3%) in women. Underweight prevalence also stood at more than 12% in women and more than 15% in men in Central and East Africa in 2014, despite some reductions over the 4 decades....Almost half of the world's underweight men (46.2%) and women (41.6%) live in India, the study found.
Polynesia and Micronesia had the highest average BMI in the world. More than 38% of men and over half of women are obese there. The study finds that almost 20% of the world's obese adults (118 million) live in six high-income countries—Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. More than a quarter (27.1% or 50 million) of the world's severely obese people also live in these countries. More than one in four severely obese men (27.8%) and 18.3% of severely obese women in the world live in the United States.